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Bangladesh Facts and Figures

Bangladesh Table of Contents

Basic Facts

Official name

People’s Republic of Bangladesh




147,570 sq km


56,977 sq mi

[ See also - Maps, Flag , Anthem ]


138,448,210 (2003 estimate)

Population growth

Population growth rate

2.06 percent (2003 estimate)

Projected population in 2025

204,538,715 (2025 estimate)

Projected population in 2050

279,955,405 (2050 estimate)

Population density

938 persons per sq km (2003 estimate)


2,430 persons per sq mi (2003 estimate)

Urban/rural distribution

Share urban

26 percent (2001 estimate)

Share rural

74 percent (2001 estimate)

Largest cities, with population


3,368,940 (1991)


1,566,070 (1991)


601,051 (1991)


324,532 (1991)


268,952 (1991)

Ethnic groups


98 percent


2 percent


Bangla (official), Urdu, English

Religious affiliations


86 percent


12 percent


2 percent

Health and Education

Life expectancy


61.3 years (2003 estimate)


61.2 years (2003 estimate)


61.5 years (2003 estimate)

Infant mortality rate

66 deaths per 1,000 live births (2003 estimate)

Population per physician

6,028 people (1999)

Population per hospital bed

3,279 people (1994)

Literacy rate


43.1 percent (2003 estimate)


31.8 percent (2003 estimate)


53.9 percent (2003 estimate)

Education expenditure as a share of gross national product (GNP)

2.3 percent (1999-2000)

Number of years of compulsory schooling

5 years (2000)

Number of students per teacher, primary school

59 students per teacher (1998-1999)


Form of government


Head of state


Head of government

Prime Minister


Unicameral legislature


National Parliament: 300 members

Voting qualifications

Universal at age 18


16 December 1972; suspended 1982-1986; numerous amendments

Highest court

Supreme Court

Armed forces

Total number of military personnel

137,000 (2001)

Military expenditures as a share of gross domestic product (GDP)

1.4 percent (2001)

First-level political divisions

5 divisions


Gross domestic product (GDP, in U.S.$)

$46.7 billion (2001)

GDP per capita (U.S.$)

$350 (2001)

GDP by economic sector

Agriculture, forestry, fishing

23.3 percent (2001)


25.1 percent (2001)


51.6 percent (2001)


Number of workers

70,792,946 (2001)

Workforce share of economic sector

Agriculture, forestry, fishing

63 percent (1996)


10 percent (1996)


25 percent (1996)

Unemployment rate

1.9 percent (1997)

National budget (U.S.$)

Total revenue

4,152 million (1999)

Total expenditure

5,685 million (1999)

Monetary unit

1 taka (Tk), consisting of 100 paisa

Major trade partners for exports

United States, Germany, United Kingdom, France, and Netherlands

Major trade partners for imports

India, Japan, Singapore, China, and Hong Kong SAR

Energy, Communications, and Transportation

Electricity production

Electricity from thermal sources

93.70 percent (2001 estimate)

Electricity from hydroelectric sources

6.30 percent (2001 estimate)

Electricity from nuclear sources

0 percent (2001 estimate)

Electricity from geothermal, solar, and wind sources

0 percent (2001 estimate)

Number of radios per 1,000 people

50 (1997)

Number of telephones per 1,000 people

4 (2001)

Number of televisions per 1,000 people

7.4 (2000 estimate)

Number of Internet hosts per 10,000 people

0 (2000)

Daily newspaper circulation per 1,000 people

9 (1996)

Number of motor vehicles per 1,000 people

1 (1998)

Paved road as a share of total roads

10 percent (1999)


Basic Facts and People sections

Area data are from the statistical bureaus of individual countries. Population, population growth rate, and population projections are from the United States Census Bureau, International Programs Center, International Data Base (IDB) (www.census.gov). Urban and rural population data are from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations (UN), FAOSTAT database (www.fao.org). Largest cities population data and political divisions data are from the statistical bureaus of individual countries. Ethnic divisions and religion data are largely from the latest Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) World Factbook and from various country censuses and reports. Language data are largely from the Ethnologue, Languages of the World, Summer Institute of Linguistics International (www.sil.org).

Health and Education section

Life expectancy and infant mortality data are from the United States Census Bureau, International Programs Center, International database (IDB) (www.census.gov). Population per physician and population per hospital bed data are from the World Health Organization (WHO) (www.who.int). Education data are from the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) database (www.unesco.org).

Government section

Government, independence, legislature, constitution, highest court, and voting qualifications data are largely from various government Web sites, the latest Europa World Yearbook, and the latest Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) World Factbook. The armed forces data is from Military Balance.

Economy section

Gross domestic product (GDP), GDP per capita, GDP by economic sectors, employment, and national budget data are from the World Bank database (www.worldbank.org). Monetary unit, agriculture, mining, manufacturing, exports, imports, and major trade partner information is from the latest Europa World Yearbook and various International Monetary Fund (IMF) publications.

Energy, Communication, and Transportation section

Electricity information is from the Energy Information Administration (EIA) database (www.eia.doe.gov). Radio, telephone, television, and newspaper information is from the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) database (www.unesco.org). Internet hosts, motor vehicles, and road data are from the World Bank database (www.worldbank.org).


Figures may not total 100 percent due to rounding.

Bangladesh Table of Contents

Source: Microsoft ® Encarta ® Encyclopedia 2004

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