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Brahmaputra

Bangladesh Table of Contents

Brahmaputra

Brahmaputra (Sanskrit, “son of Brahma”; ancient Dyardanes or Oedanes), one of the great rivers of southern Asia, 2,900 km (1,800 mi) long. It flows from southwestern Tibet, China, through Arunachal Pradesh and Assam states in India, into Bangladesh, where it empties into the Bay of Bengal. In Tibet it is called the Yarlung Zangbo. Rising in the Kailas Range of the Himalayas, at an elevation of 4,900 m (16,000 ft), the stream follows an easterly course for about 1450 km (about 900 mi) in Tibet at an altitude of about 3660 m (about 12,000 ft), then swings south, crosses the Himalayas, and enters the lowland plains of Assam, where it is called the Dihang. Near Sadiya, Assam, it changes course to southwest and becomes the Brahmaputra. After about 800 km (about 500 mi) in this direction it turns south again, going through Bangladesh. At the Ganges delta, the river divides into two channels, and the main channel becomes known as the Jamuna River. The Jamuna joins the Ganges River, which from that point is known as the Padma River and then the Meghna River before it empties into the Bay of Bengal. The plains watered by the stream yield abundant crops of rice, jute, and mustard. Steamers can navigate the Brahmaputra from the Bay of Bengal up as far as Dibrugarh in Assam, 1,290 km (800 mi) from the sea.

Bangladesh Table of Contents

Source: Microsoft ® Encarta ® Encyclopedia 2004

 
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